Skin ageing is a very important issue at BIODROGA MD and everyone will be confronted with it sooner or later, which is why we will examine it here in more detail, particularly from the biological perspective.
In healthy children, the skin is fully intact. It is firm, unblemished, and velvety smooth. But even during puberty, the skin quickly loses its balance owing to hormonal fluctuations. Pimples, spots, and often acne and oily skin are quite common. Regardless of the skin condition in the early years, skin will always become drier, more sensitive, and wrinklier with increasing age as a result of natural ageing processes, and thus require more nourishment.
From a medical perspective, skin ageing represents a weakening of the autoimmune system. Collagen development slows down, moisture content and the ability to bind moisture decline, and the skin becomes thinner and more sensitive. The initial signs of skin ageing are often present as early as the mid-20s, and functional limitations of skin and appearance are the result. From age 30, cell division rates slow down significantly. Ten years later, the skin begins to “mature.”
Unfortunately, it is always the skin that mercilessly shows up the ageing process that, clearly, also occurs internally. One of the main reasons is that cells do not divide as quickly as before, skin cell renewal declines, and the skin thus becomes thinner and more transparent. The skin loses its youthful elasticity as the number of fibroplasts declines with advancing age, and therefore also the production of collagen and elastin that ensure the firmness and elasticity of the skin.
The first wrinkles appear in the mouth and eye area. Microcirculation, oxygen supply, and a well-balanced fat and moisture content are compromised. The skin develops increasingly larger pores, and, owing to the reduction in sebaceous gland activity, becomes increasingly dry. Another reason for the deterioration is that the skin is no longer able to bind sufficient moisture. The connective tissue weakens, and lines and wrinkles are the result. The skin feels tight, and reacts with redness or itchiness. During menopause, the skin and hair are affected to an even greater degree. Owing to a lack of estrogens, androgenetic (age-related) hair loss is not an uncommon occurrence. As regards skin, there is evidence that it loses thickness during this life stage, there is poorer blood supply, and the skin appears tired and sallow as a result.
All the factors and signals described above are natural in origin.
Unhealthy lifestyles, unbalanced nutrition, environmental factors (including excessive exposure to sun and extreme variations in climate), and certain medications also affect the skin ageing process.