SKIN TYPES AND CONDITIONS
From a dermato-cosmetic perspective, skin cannot be "classically categorized." This means that dry skin can display impurities and signs of aeging and hypersensitive skin can be dry or oily and also develop blemishes: Attention must be paid to the combination of skin type and skin condition in order to determine which products and treatments should be recommended.
The following classifications provide information on various skin types and the most common skin conditions.
Normal skin is marked by a good balance between fat and moisture. Such skin is supplied with sufficient moisture and has an even complexion. This ideal skin condition should be maintained, whereby the skin should not be exposed to excessive care measures and should be protected against premature aging caused by UV radiation.
Oily skin is caused by hyperactive sebaceous glands. Oily skin shines and is often accompanied by enlarged pores and impurities. In the case of oily skin, ingredients should be used that remove excess sebum and open/clean blocked pores.
Combination skin is one of the most common skin types in our latitudes. In most cases, skin is oily on the forehead, nose, and chin (T-zone) and is dry on the cheekbones. Combination skin should be treated with moisturizing ingredients that do not block pores.
Dry skin has a raw and pallid complexion with flaky patches. Such skin is lacking in sebum. Climate conditions can influence this skin type, as wind, cold, and even dry air from heating systems exacerbate the symptoms. Dry skin requires a great deal of moisture, ideally with a depot effect.
Hypersensitive skin often reacts to ingredients in products and/or environmental influences. This reaction takes the form of reddening, flaking, and unpleasant itchiness. Soothing ingredients allow this sensitive skin type to breathe again; ingredients and additives with allergy potential and ingredients with a powerful effect should be avoided.